The Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board (MPIB) is a Statutory Body was established in 1957 which was formerly known as Lembaga Perusahaan Nanas Tanah Melayu/Malayan Pineapple Industry Board. In keeping with the development of the pineapple industry, the agency’s name was changed to Lembaga Perindustrian Nanas Malaysia/Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board in 1992 (Act 105- Revised 1990) under the Ministry of Primary Industry.
On May 29 1996, the Cabinet Ministers made a decision to abolish the Pineapple Board, and its functions were transferred to the Department of Agriculture, FAMA and MARDI. The abolishment exercise was implemented in stages for a period of 3 years in accordance to the dissolution of the 1957 Pineapple Industrial Act (Revised 1990).
The Pineapple Board was placed under the Ministry of Agriculture on 1 June, 1999 to complete the implementation of the abolishment exercise. The Ministry of Agriculture was given the role as a leading agency to coordinate the abolishement in relation to issues such as distribution of functions, staff, properties, liabilities, authority and Pineapple Board legislation among agencies involved.
As a result 56 staff from the Pineapple Board Development Section were transferred to Johor Pineapple Industry Development Section. Another 8 staff from the Pineapple Board Administrative Division were transferred to Johor Civil Service and 14 other staff from the Inspector Section, Planning and Marketing Development Section were transferred to FAMA office, Johor branch.
A total of 22 staff remained in the Pineapple Board to carry out related activities until the final process of abolishment was completed.
However, on 14 June 2000, the Cabinet Ministers agreed to review the abolishment order. Thus, on 15 September 2004, the cabinet ministers made a decision to maintain the Pineapple Board as the leader in development of the pineapple industry and on 29 May 1996, the decision to abolish the Pineapple Board was revoked. Apart from that, movable and unmovable assets belonging to the Pineapple Board and all the appointments were restored.
In 1888, the pineapple industry was introduced to Malaya by Europeans in Singapore. By 1921 the pineapple plantations had grown rapidly in southern Johor as the rubber industry expanded. The pineapples were intercropped in rubber plantations. The size of the pineapple plantations until 1921 was 16,000 acres in Johor, 2,000 acres in Singapore and 4,000 acres in Selangor.
In 1931, the pineapple plantation area increased to 52,000 acres and again increased to 70,000 acres in 1936. Pineapples were back then grown as cash crops with a density of 3,000 to 3,400 trees per acre and were cultivated in groups, but in Johor it was cultivated by means of contract farming through the profit-sharing system. The recession of the rubber industry in 1931 affected the growth of pineapple crops. Since then the pineapple cultivation pattern changed to single crop plantations, given that the pineapple industry contributed significantly to the Malayan economy.
In 1932, the single crop cultivation system was expanded, however, the industry faced a shortage of expertise and technology that left the pineapple crop vulnerable to erosion and could not be maintained for more than five years.
In 1938, the Central Board of Pineapple Packers was established to restructure the national pineapple industry.
In 1941, Malaya became the third largest exporter of canned pineapples with an export volume of 61,800 mt.
In 1947, The Johore Pineapple Committee was formed by outlining several strategies to revitalize the pineapple industry, which included requiring factories that intend to operate must have plantations with an area of at least 1,500 acres.
In 1955, the Pineapple Joint Industrial Council was established to oversee the pineapple industry and act as a statutory body agency.
In 1957, the Lembaga Perusahaan Nanas Tanah Melayu or Malayan Pineapple Industry Board was established under Ordinance 427 to replace the Pineapple Joint Industrial Council based in Johor. The Board's role is to regulate and develop the national pineapple industry through the regulations enacted under it to ensure that the industry’s flow and development is organized through the functions outlined by regulating and coordinating production, processing and marketing as well as conducting research, development and quality control.
In 1959, the pineapple industry faced a worldwide crisis of canned pineapple prices which led to a decline in the price of pineapple below the cost of production. The Royal Commission of Inquiry was appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya and the Yang DiPertua Negara of Singapore and is responsible for reviewing the pineapple industry including price crisis, production, processing and pineapple market, and had established a government-owned factory, the Pineapple Cannery of Malaya to guarantee the pineapple market of smallholders.
In 1974, the Development and Research Functions (R&D) were acquired by MARDI in conjunction with the establishment of MARDI (1972) which carried out the R&D activities of agricultural products.
In 1990, the Pineapple Industry Ordinance 1957 was revised and later known as the Malaysian Pineapple Industry Act 1957 (Revised 1990) in line with the change of name of Lembaga Perusahaan Nanas Tanah Melayu (Malayan Pineapple Industry Board) to Lembaga Perindustrian Nanas Malaysia (Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board).
In May 1996, in line with the Public Service Size Reduction Policy, the Government decided to dissolve MPIB and its function be transferred to the Department of Agriculture, FAMA and MARDI and place MPIB under the auspices of the Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-based Industry.
In June 2000, the dissolution excise of MPIB was reviewed following the results of a study that looked into the potential of pineapples under the category of 10 fruits for export market.
In September 2004, MPIB was maintained as a Statutory Body responsible for leading the development of the national pineapple industry with a capacity of 158 positions.
In 2007, the restructuring of MPIB was approved and received a staffing warrant of 372 positions.
In 2010, the control of Act 427 was extended to Sarawak whereby the functions and roles of MPIB were expanded through the Extension Order to Sarawak.
The canning industry has been around for more than 100 years ago. Commercial pineapple canning was started by Singaporean Chinese community. Before the rise of other commodity, the pineapple industry was the main contributor of the country's economy. On 1957, Lembaga Perusahaan Nanas Tanah Melayu (LPNTM) was established under the 1957 Pineapple Industry Ordinance, currently known as Lembaga Perindustrian Nanas Malaysia (LPNM) / Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board which carries the role to manage and develop Malaysian pineapple industry.
Pineapple canning Industry has the second highest export after watermelon in the tropical fruit category. This industry played a role in contributing to the country's economy and provides direct job opportunities in the plantation and processing industry and indirectly in the transportation and manufacturing industry. With the existence of an agency responsible to carry out pineapple industry research and development, Malaysia is capable of producing high quality product that can survive in the mainstream market.
Malaysian pineapple industry is supported by the government in aspect of land development policy. The smallholder and farm sector is given priority by the government through the implementation of development and industrial support programme.
A few strategies have been outlined based on long term planning. LPNM/MPIB focus is to open new lands and increase productivity and also to handle the supply shortage of fruits faced by factories.
Universal globalisation and world economic integrations mean that competition will become the main element in deciding the success and sustainability of Malaysian pineapple industry
industry, LPNM/MPIB needs to consider efficiency, productivity, competitiveness and production technology, marketing and trading as well as planning strategies based on policy that has been set by the government to ensure that the structure is more sustainable and effective.
Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board
Wisma Nanas, No. 5, Jalan Padi Mahsuri
Bandar Baru UDA,
81200 Johor Bahru,